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(QUIZ) Would You Recognize a Medical Emergency?

In a potential emergency situation, it can be difficult to make the call. You may wonder if you are overreacting by calling for help, or underreacting if you don’t. It is important to practice clear thinking and utilize common sense in a troublesome situation. Let’s take a look at some true or false statements about first aid below to see how you might do in an emergency today:

True or false:

  1. Medical emergencies are purely physical, such as an injury, and are almost always obvious to the naked eye.
  2. Fainting is considered to be a medical emergency.
  3. Suspected bones are painful, but do not constitute a medical emergency. You should just check in with your doctor as soon as you can get in to see him or her.
  4. If someone has an injury that leaves them severely mobility impaired (like an acute neck or back injury), you should move them to a comfortable location such as a stiff bed until help arrives.
  5. CPR stands for central practical recovery, and should be performed whether or not you’ve had training.
  6. If your child is exhibiting any odd signs such as clamminess, in combination with an unexplained change in demeanor, you should seek emergency medical treatment.
  7. While vomiting can potentially be an emergency, diarrhea is not a medical emergency. Just be sure to stay hydrated.
  8. An ‘emergency’ boils down to a subjective judgement call. If in doubt, always go to the ER.



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  1. FALSE. Suicidal thoughts or feelings are also a medical emergency. Changes in mental state such as unexplained confusion could also possibly indicate a medical emergency.
  2. TRUE. You don’t know why the person momentarily lost consciousness, therefor, it should be treated as an emergency so the attending medical team can determine if it is a crisis or if the person is okay.
  3. FALSE. Broken bones (or suspected broken bones) should be treated as an emergency and attended to as soon as possible.
  4. FALSE. If a person has serious mobility-impairing injuries you should not try to move them as that could cause much worse damage. You should try to make them comfortable where they are until help arrives.
  5. FALSE. CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and generally should be performed by a person who knows the proper technique, as it can cause damage in some situations. However, if the person is not breathing you will have to try it regardless of whether or not you’ve been trained. See the proper technique for reference here.
  6. TRUE. A baby or small child cannot tell you what is wrong, and it is so easy for a child to get their hands on a poisonous substance around the house when your back is turned. If your child is violently ill all of a sudden, shaking, clammy or experiencing any other out-of-character signs, you should seek immediate treatment.
  7. FALSE. Severe or prolonged diarrhea or vomiting, especially that which contains blood, should be treated as a medical emergency as it could indicate any number of serious underlying conditions.
  8. TRUE. It can be very hard to tell if something is critical or just appears serious momentarily, but if you’re ever unsure, it is best to check it out before things make a turn for the worst.

Thanks for visiting DocChat! Aim to get your First Aid training soon so you will be ready to save a life if need be!



QUIZ: Could You Recognize Frostbite Before It’s Too Late?

Frostbite is a common winter danger that can lead to skin discoloration, dead tissue in the affected area, gangrenous infection or even amputation in severe cases. These are fates you certainly want to avoid while having your winter fun! So, how much do you know about frostbite? Let’s find out. Take a look at the statements below – are they true or false? Try to give the quiz a shot before looking at the answers below. You can write “T or F” for each number on a piece of paper and check your answers at the end. No scrolling down!

  1. You should put the frostbitten area in hot water to rewarm it quickly.
  2. The first stage of frostbite is called frostnip.
  3. Frostbite happens most commonly to the neck, arms and legs.
  4. Frostbitten areas usually change color drastically.
  5. Frostbite may feel like pins and needles in an area of your body.
  6. You must be exposed to freezing temperatures for at least an hour for frostbite to fully set in.
  7. The first visual sign of frostbite is hardened, bluish skin on the affected area.
  8. Frostbite can lead to blood-filled blisters.



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  1. If you are able to get to a warm place with running water, soak the affected are in warm (not hot) water for 30 minutes. This process will likely be painful, so taking OTC non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) like Advil can help with the pain and inflammation. (Do not try to thaw the area unless you are safely in a warm environment and know it can’t refreeze).
  2. Frostnip is a mild form of frostbite that usually doesn’t change the skin permanently if it is caught and treated early enough. It starts with color changes to the skin (from pale to red) and discomfort in the area. If you are noticing pain or tingling in your fingers or toes and the skin appears to be changing color, it is time to go inside and warm up.
  3. Frostbite most often affects the extremities (fingers and toes) as well as the nose, ears or cheeks (however, any exposed area can potentially be affected).
  4. The skin will change color depending on the various stages of frostbite. Usually starting with paleness, progressing to redness and finally to black or blue (you should definitely strive to avoid the last stage as it means the tissue has died).
  5. While sensations may be different for everyone, usually the first thing you will feel is extreme coldness, pins and needles or pain in the area.
  6. Depending on the temperature and wind chill factor, frostbite can actually begin in as little as 5 minutes of exposure to extreme freezing temperatures.
  7. The first sign of frostbite is usually pale yellowish or red skin on the affected area. The skin won’t turn bluish or black until advanced stages of frostbite when circulation is extremely limited and the subcutaneous tissue becomes frostbitten and starts to die.
  8. In the more advanced stages of frostbite the skin may start to feel warm and when the skin thaws, blood-filled blisters may develop in the area. Medical treatment should be sought if you believe you have experienced the latter stages of frostbite.

We hope you scored well on the test and are now equipped to recognize the early signs of frostbite before it can progress any further. Remember to stay safe in the winter cold! Thanks for visiting DocChat!


QUIZ – What’s Your Flu IQ?

How much do you know about the differences between a cold and influenza? Let’s find out. Take a look at the statements below – are they true or false? Try to give the quiz a shot before looking at the answers below. You can write “T or F” for each number on a piece of paper and check your answers at the end. No scrolling down!

  1. The flu shot can actually give you the flu.
  2. Influenza is only a bad cold.
  3. 20-30% of people who are carrying and spreading the flu have no symptoms.
  4. Antibiotics can treat the flu.
  5. You can catch the flu more than once.
  6. You can’t tell where or when the flu will strike.
  7. The flu is spread via contaminated droplets from a sick person to a healthy one.




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  1. FALSE. The flu shot will not give you the flu but getting a flu shot annually will drastically reduce your chances of catching influenza, a serious illness. You may have some side effects such as general malaise, but it is not the same thing as having influenza. It is only your immune system responding to the vaccine.
  2. FALSE. Influenza is much more than just a cold. While both are contagious respiratory illnesses, colds are much more common and less serious, generally affecting the nasal passages, throat and sometimes producing a mild cough or stomach illness. The flu often causes much more intense symptoms and can morph into life-threatening pneumonia. Another difference is that a cold can strike any time of year whereas the flu generally follows a pattern, striking during ‘flu season’.
  3. TRUE. Most people believe the flu can only be transmitted when a person is showing symptoms or actively sick, but that is not true.
  4. FALSE. Antibiotics are powerless against the flu as it is a virus. However, it is important to seek medical attention if you have the flu and your symptoms change or linger. Pneumonia or another serious bacterial infection can develop as a complication of the flu, requiring antibiotics and potentially hospitalization.
  5. TRUE. You can catch the flu several times during your lifetime, however, usually not right away as the antibodies produced while fighting it off will still be present for a period of time which may help you avoid catching it again too soon after.
  6. FALSE. There is predictive technology available to help people keep track of where and when the flu will strike. It is not a 100% sure-thing, but it will certainly help you prepare!
  7. TRUE. A person who has the flu can spread contaminated droplets to a healthy person via human contact, sneezes or coughs, or by cross-contaminating surfaces.

We hope you got 8/8! Check out our quiz on depression next. Thanks for visiting DocChat! Our board-certified physicians are standing by 24/7/365 to assist you with any medical inquiries.

Do You Know The Scary Nutritional Facts of These Common Snacks?

We all love our comfort snacks like chips, donuts and soda, but did you ever stop to think about what is really in your favorite fatty snack? These items are nicknamed ‘junk food’ for a reason! To test your knowledge, try these questions before scrolling down to see the answers. No peeking!

  1. One can of coke contains:
    a) 5.5 teaspoons of sugar
    b) 22 teaspoons of sugar
    c) 9.5 teaspoons of sugar
  2. One regular beer contains:
    a) 120 calories
    b) 150 calories
    c) 97 calories
  3. One medium bowl of potato chips contains:
    a) 14 grams of fat
    b) 30 grams of fat
    c) 20 grams of fat
  4. A breakfast muffin contains:
    a) Over 400 calories
    b) 135 calories
    c) 315 calories
  5. One regular milk chocolate bar contains:
    a) 38 grams of sugar
    b) 22 grams of sugar
    c) 12 grams of sugar
  6. A medium fast food fries contain:
    a) Over 400 calories
    b) Under 260 calories
    c) 320 calories
  7. How much fat is in one chocolate dip donut?
    a) 25 grams
    b) 50 grams
    c) 10 grams
  8. How much sodium is in one medium plate of nachos with cheese?
    a) 450 mg
    b) 600 mg
    c) 800 mg




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  1. C. 1 can of coke 9.5 teaspoons of sugar (22 grams). According to the American Heart Society, that is nearly woman’s whole daily sugar allowance (25 grams)!
  2. B. 1 regular beer contains over 150 calories.
  3. C. Nearly 20 grams of fat in a regular-sized bowl of potato chips.
  4. A. Over 400 calories in breakfast muffin.
  5. B. There is over 22 grams of sugar in a regular milk chocolate bar.
  6. A. 340-400 calories in medium fast food fries.
  7. A. There is 25 grams of fat in 1 chocolate covered donut.
  8. C. Nearly 800 grams of sodium in medium sized plate of nachos with cheese! That is more than a third of your daily allowance!

There you go! Enough incentive to reach for a peach instead of a donut? Check out some our healthier snacks ideas! Thanks for visiting DocChat! Stay healthy and happy!

Kitchen Safety Mini-Quiz

Are you a kitchen safety pro? Take a look at the statements below – are they true or false? Try to give the quiz a shot before looking at the answers below. You can write “T or F” for each number on a piece of paper and check your answers at the end! No scrolling down!

  1. Overcooking meat can contribute to kidney cancer.
  2. The ‘danger zone’ for food poisoning bacteria multiplication is 10˚F – 40˚
  3. Pre-cut fruits and veggies may harbour more bacteria than whole produce.
  4. You only have to wash your hands frequently when handling meat, not necessarily when handling produce.
  5. You have to smother a grease fire but an oil fire can be extinguished using liquid.



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  1. TRUE. When meat is cooked too long at high temperatures, two types of mutagenic chemicals from the animal’s muscles called heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and poly aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are formed. According to the National Cancer Institute, lab rat studies have deemed these mutagenic chemicals carcinogenic. It seems PAHs and HCAs most contribute to kidney cancer.
  2. FALSE. The ‘danger zone’ is actually between 40˚ and 140˚ Fahrenheit because harmful bacteria present on food like meats can better multiply between these values. Therefor, it is just as important to keep cooked food above 140˚F after it is cooked (until consumed or safely refrigerated) as it is to safely thaw food before cooking.
  3. TRUE. Because pre-cut, pre-peeled or pre-washed produce may have been exposed to a dirty knife or come in contact with unclean surfaces before packaging it likely contains more harmful bacteria. That’s not to say don’t ever buy pre-prepared produce, just be sure to only buy the items that are packed in ice or appropriately refrigerated, refrigerate right away once home, and wash again before eating.
  4. FALSE. It is important to wash your hands (for 20 seconds with soap and warm water) before and after dealing with fresh fruits or veggies as well as when you are working with meat. While it is true you have to be extra careful when handling meat because of the surplus of harmful bacteria, produce also harbours bacteria from transport and store handling, also your hands may further contaminate the produce if you don’t make sure they are clean.
  5. FALSE. Both oil and grease cooking fires should be smothered using a metal lid, cooking glove or some kind of heat-resistant material. You can also use baking soda to smother a very small grease fire.

How did you do? Hopefully 5/5! Thanks for visiting DocChat! If you enjoyed this one, see how you’ll do on our recent, more thorough smoking quiz!





What’s Your Exercise IQ?

Are these statements true or false? Try to give this quiz a shot before looking at the answers below, you can write down “T or F” on a piece of paper and check your answers at the end! No scrolling down!

Is Each Item True Or False?

  1. Running on a treadmill is easier on your joints than running outdoors.
  2. “No pain, no gain”, you’re not working out hard enough unless you feel pain or discomfort.
  3. You have to burn 3500 calories per pound lost.
  4. You can target certain areas of the body (such as the face) for weight loss.
  5. A mediocre workout on gym equipment is better than a hard workout at home with no equipment.
  6. There is a type of exercise out there for everyone, regardless of physical limitations.
  7. If you are skinny, you don’t need to exercise as much as a larger person.
  8. Exercise is more important than diet when it comes to losing weight.
  9. Doing sit-ups will burn stomach fat and make your abs visible.
  10. An hour of dancing in your room can be as good a cardio workout as going to the gym.




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  1. False – The act of running in itself puts excess strain on your knees and lower joints regardless of what surface you do it on. It is a good idea to switch up the type of cardio you do to avoid joint damage from excess running.
  2. False – If you are in pain, you may be straining a body part or pushing yourself too hard. Sometimes you don’t know the damage you’ve done until the endorphins start to wear off, so don’t ‘push through the pain’, listen to your body.
  3. True – Burning approximately 3500 calories equals about a pound lost.
  4. False – Fat loss is indiscriminately systemic by nature. Unfortunately, you can’t really choose specific spots you want to lose fat.
  5. False – It doesn’t matter what fancy equipment you use as long as you are working hard and varying your exercises to target various muscle groups (as well as getting some kind of cardio).
  6. True – Even if you don’t have the ability to move your limbs, you can still have someone help you stretch and strengthen them. If you have back problems, or severe arthritis or if you are restrictively obese, there are still small things you can do to work out certain parts of your body. It is important to go slowly and seek professional advice before trying to exercise when you have physical impediments.
  7. False – Everyone should try to exercise to the best of their ability. Just because you are skinny does not mean you aren’t at risk of developing life-threatening conditions like cardiovascular disease, and exercise can help combat many chronic conditions no matter your size. A larger person can be in better overall health than a smaller person in some cases.
  8. False – They are both equally as important. While it is possible to lose weight by exercising even when you are eating badly, you should try to practice them in tandem for good health. However, if you are very limited exercise-wise, reducing your caloric intake (in a healthy way) can help you lose weight while sedentary.
  9. False – In order to get that notorious “six pack”, you must lose the layer of fat on top first which cannot be done by ab exercises alone. Cardiovascular exercise is integral when it comes to fat loss.
  10. True – You can burn a lot of calories shaking your booty! It is a free, fun way to reach your daily cardio goal.

So how did you do? Hopefully 10/10! Thanks for visiting DocChat, we hope you’ll be back again soon!