Tag Archives: malaria

Tips For Healthy Travel (Part 2)

Traveling can greatly increase your risk on contracting contagious or mosquito-carried illnesses, which can not only put a damper on your trip but also could seriously impact your health. There are various precautionary measures you can take to prevent illness (check out our “Tips For Healthy Travels (Part 1)” if you haven’t already caught it). Some things you can do to decrease your chances of sickness during your vacation are:

Be Careful of Local Eats

Food poisoning due to contamination is one of the leading causes of traveler gastrointestinal distress via such bacteria as E. coli, shigella and salmonella. Be careful what you are eating by watching food choices and checking out the cleanliness of the establishment before placing your order. Avoid pre-made salads, foods that could have been sitting out all day (like at amusement parks), meats that could potentially be under-cooked or shared buffet-style foods.

Don’t Let The Sun Make You Sick

A couple other types of illness that can ruin your trip and cause you undue strife are caused by the sun. You can easily get heatstroke if you are spending longs days in the hot sun, or exercising in hot weather without proper hydration or sun protection. Heatstroke can be mild, causing nausea and discomfort or it can be serious, causing syncope (fainting spells), vomiting and diarrhea, fevers and worse. Similarly, bad sun burns can be debilitating, causing similar symptoms. If both of these conditions are severe enough, they may even require hospitalization. Be sure to protect yourself against the sun with plenty of sun block, hats, proper clothing and perhaps most importantly, adequate hydration (with clean bottled water, not foreign tap water).

Protect Yourself Against Mosquito-Carried Illness

Mosquitos can strike anywhere, but if you are traveling to a high-risk part of the world you have a higher chance of contracting unpleasant or dangerous illnesses like the Zika virus, Dengue Fever or malaria. Some preventative measures you can take against mosquito bites are to sleep under mosquito nets when needed, continually coat yourself in insect repellant, hang out in air conditioned spaces when the mosquitos are especially bad (they won’t follow), and wear covering clothing when possible.

Get Up-To-Date On Vaccinations

Possibly the single most important preventative measure against getting sick while traveling is to get the proper vaccinations and immunizations, especially region-specific vaccines to protect you against conditions such as yellow fever when traveling to places where it is especially prevalent. Be sure to visit your doctor about 2 months before traveling to ensure you get the proper vaccinations in time before traveling.

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fever

Five Types of Fever

A fever signifies an abnormal, temporary rise in body temperature due to a medical condition. The rise can be continuous or may cycle over time. The onset of fever can occur due to a myriad of different medical conditions. Normally the human body has a temperature in the range of 37.5-38.3°C (99.5-100.9°F). If an illness occurs, body temperature rises above normal values and might go to extremes of 41-42°C (105.8-107.6°F).

Malarial Fever
Malaria is a disease caused by a type of parasite categorized as Plasmodium. It is a serious disease but preventable and completely curable.

Symptoms
● Fever
● Chills
● Flu-like symptoms
● Vomiting

Yellow Fever
Yellow fever is a serious viral infection which is spread by a certain type of mosquito. It is common in sub-Saharan parts of Africa. Human-to-human transmission does not occur. About 15% of sufferers will experience the advanced stages of Yellow Fever. Mortality rate in the advanced stage is 50%. Preventive vaccinations are available for protection against this disease.

Symptoms
● Fever
● Headache
● Vomiting and/or nausea
● General muscle pain (backaches)
Advanced Stage
● Jaundice
● Kidney failure
● Bleeding from the eyes, mouth or nose
● Bloody vomit or stools

Typhoid Fever
Typhoid is a bacterial infection that can turn into a life-threatening illness if not properly treated. It is caused by a bacterium known as Salmonella typhi. The reaction of the body to this bacterial infiltration is a high fever and other symptoms. The prescribed treatment for typhoid is antibiotics.

Symptoms
● High fever- 103-104°F (39-40°C)
● Weakness
● Stomach pains
● Headache
● Loss of appetite
● Flat, spotty rash

Dengue Fever
Dengue fever is a serious viral infection that is spread by mosquitoes (specifically by a species named Aedes aegypti). It can turn deadly if complications arise such as dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.

Symptoms
● High temperature within one week of getting infected
● Joint and muscle pain
● Loss in appetite
● Abdominal pain
● Nausea and vomiting
● Severe headache
Advanced Stages
● Purple bruises
● Bleeding gums and/or nose
● Liver issues
● Heart problems
● Severe bleeding
● Extremely low blood pressure
● Coma
● Death

Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatic fever is anti-inflammatory disease. It usually occurs if streptococcus bacterial infections (such as strep throat or scarlet fever) are not adequately treated. Children of ages 5-15 years are most vulnerable to this disease.

Symptoms
● Abdominal pain
● Fever
● Muscle weakness
● Ring-like or thin snake shaped skin rash
● Nosebleeds
● Heart problems – characterized by shortness of breath and chest discomfort
● Joint issues – pain, swelling, redness or warmth